Quick Answer: How Common Is Cleft Palate In The World?

What increases risk of cleft palate?

Family history.

Parents with a family history of cleft lip or cleft palate face a higher risk of having a baby with a cleft.

Exposure to certain substances during pregnancy.

Cleft lip and cleft palate may be more likely to occur in pregnant women who smoke cigarettes, drink alcohol or take certain medications..

Is cleft lip a sign of Down syndrome?

Cleft lip and/or palate is not an uncommon problem About one out of every 1,000 babies born in the U.S. has cleft lip and/or palate. It is the most common birth deformity of the head and facial bones, and the second-most common birth defect overall behind Down syndrome.

What are the worst birth defects?

Rare birth defects include:22q11. 2 deletion syndrome (DiGeorge Syndrome and Velocardiofacial syndrome)Albinism, ocular.Albinism, oculocutaneous.Anencephaly (a neural tube defect)Arnold-Chiari malformation (chiari malformation)CHARGE syndrome.Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH)More items…

Can you prevent cleft palate?

You can’t always prevent cleft lip and cleft palate in your baby. But there are things you can do to help reduce your baby’s chances of having these birth defects: Take folic acid. Before pregnancy, take a multivitamin with 400 micrograms of folic acid in it every day.

Where in the world is cleft palate most common?

The states with the highest and lowest rates were Maryland (21.46) and West Virginia (2.59), respectively. The United States cleft lip national rate averaged 7.75. Countries with the highest and lowest rates were Japan (19.05) and South Africa (3.13), respectively.

What is the main cause of cleft palate?

Causes and Risk Factors Cleft lip and cleft palate are thought to be caused by a combination of genes and other factors, such as things the mother comes in contact with in her environment, or what the mother eats or drinks, or certain medications she uses during pregnancy.

Can cleft palate be healed before birth?

Can cleft palate be healed before birth? … Cleft palate can cause serious complications, including difficulty eating and learning to speak. However, close regulation of important signaling molecules during palate formation may one day allow doctors to reverse a cleft palate before the baby is even born, Chai said.

What happens if you don’t fix cleft lip?

While most babies with cleft lip can breast-feed, a cleft palate may make sucking difficult. Ear infections and hearing loss. Babies with cleft palate are especially at risk of developing middle ear fluid and hearing loss. Dental problems.

Which race has the most birth defects?

American Indians had the highest rates of lethal birth defects, followed by Asians, Hispanics, and blacks. The variation in rate of lethal birth defects among racial/ethnic groups may have been related to both incidence and survival.

How successful is cleft palate surgery?

Most kids with cleft palate are treated successfully with no lasting problems. A team experienced in treating children with cleft lip and palate can create a treatment plan tailored to your child’s needs.

Why do children get cleft palates?

The causes of orofacial clefts among most infants are unknown. … Cleft lip and cleft palate are thought to be caused by a combination of genes and other factors, such as things the mother comes in contact with in her environment, or what the mother eats or drinks, or certain medications she uses during pregnancy.

How common is cleft palate?

About 1 in every 2,800 babies is born with cleft lip without cleft palate in the United States. About 1 in every 1,700 babies is born with cleft palate in the United States.

How many babies around the world are born with a cleft lip each year?

Around one in 700 babies are born with a cleft around the world.

What country has the most cleft lips?

The United States cleft lip national rate averaged 7.75. Countries with the highest and lowest rates were Japan (19.05) and South Africa (3.13), respectively. Internationally, the rate of cleft lip declined, with an average overall prevalence of 7.94.

What problems does a cleft palate cause?

ComplicationsDifficulty feeding. One of the most immediate concerns after birth is feeding. … Ear infections and hearing loss. Babies with cleft palate are especially at risk of developing middle ear fluid and hearing loss.Dental problems. … Speech difficulties. … Challenges of coping with a medical condition.

Is cleft palate more common in Third World countries?

How often do cleft palates occur? The chances of having a baby with a cleft palate (without a cleft lip) is thought to be 1 in every 3000 live births. It is more common in Asian and Asian-American populations and less common in Africans and African-Americans.

What race has the most cleft palate?

Race—cleft lip and palate are more common in Asians and Native Americans than in African Americans (see Incidence and Prevalence section). Sex—males are more likely to have cleft lip with or without cleft palate; females are more likely to have cleft palate without cleft lip (see Incidence and Prevalence section).

At what age is cleft palate repair?

Cleft palate repair: A cleft palate is commonly fixed between 9 and 14 months of age. If there is a separation in the gum line, it usually is repaired when a child is 8-10 years of age.