What Is The Pioppi Diet?

The Pioppi Diet: The 21-Day Lifestyle Plan To Help You Lose Weight And Live Longer: Everything You Need To Know About The Pioppi Diet

What Is The Pioppi Diet?

Forget the 5:2 or going Paleo because a new lifestyle plan has taken over as the hottest diet: The Pioppi Diet.

It promises not only to help you lose weight, but to live longer, too. The best bit? You don't even have to hit the gym…

The plan was inspired by the residents of Pioppi, a village in Southern Italy that is famously known as the healthiest place in the world, where locals live for 10 years longer than average and don't seem to suffer from chronic diseases, all while enjoying delicious food and a glass of wine every evening.

Created by renowned consultant cardiologist Dr Aseem Malhotra, advisor to the National Obesity Forum, and filmmaker Donal O'Neill, the 21-day lifestyle plan aims to debunk longstanding dietary myths, and help followers slim down, while also reducing their risk of developing type 2 diabetes, cancer, dementia and heart disease.

Sounds pretty good right?

Here, we chat to Dr Malhotra about The Pioppi Diet to discover everything you need to know about this year's hottest diet plan…

Why did you focus on the village of Pioppi?

This is the village where American scientist Ancel Keys spent six months of the year for over 30 years, conducting his research into the cause of heart disease. His research, now found to be flawed in its relation to saturated fat, cholesterol and heart disease was responsible for pushing the low fat food movement in the late 1970s.

In fact, the book explains why this is one root cause behind the explosion in type 2 diabetes and obesity we've seen in the past few decades.

Pioppi itself has some of the healthiest people in the world, with average life expectancy close to 90 for men and women, and many people living healthily to over 100.

We wanted to discover what their secrets were for good health were and marry that up with modern up to data.

What makes The Pioppi Diet different from other plans?

As well as busting many myths prevalent in today's diet and health industries, its focus is on lifestyle as a whole, covering nutrition, exercise (or what we prefer to call 'mindful movement') stress, sleep and the importance of social interaction.

One of the best parts of plan is that you don't have to count calories – you just eat when you're hungry and until full provided you don't snack in between which is easy to do once you break the sugar and refined carb cycle.

Alexander SpatariGetty Images

Why 21 days? Is the plan sustainable in the longer-term?

We chose 21 days for a number of reasons, which included giving people the time to break their cycle of addiction to sugar and refined carbohydrates – the foods that drive insulin resistance, which is at the root of many chronic diseases – and enough time to see improvements in both their health markers and weight.

Our personal experience, and my own experience with patients so far, reveals that the plan is sustainable long term, mainly because it doesn't involve counting calories, and it's also enjoyable because the food is delicious.

What are the core principles of the plan?

  • Going cold turkey on all added sugars for the first two weeks, cutting out all bread, pasta and rice.
  • No snacking but eat until you feel full.
  • Ensuring you get at least two-to-four tablespoons of extra virgin olive oil per day, and a small handful of nuts.
  • As there's no fear of fat, you can eat butter, cheese and full-fat yoghurt.
  • Walking at least 30 minutes a day.
  • Aiming to get at least 7 hours sleep a night.
  • Concentrating on reducing stress through breathing exercises.

Which foods are banned in the plan, and why? Is alcohol allowed?

No bread, pasta, rice, or added sugars, including fruit juice, honey, smoothies and syrups. You also need to cut out industrial seed oils, such as sunflower and soybean oil.

You don't have to drink but alcohol is allowed, as long as you keep within the guideline of 14 units a week . We also advise you to drink they do in the Mediterranean, meaning a glass of wine with meals, NOT binge drinking!

= blue spoon =Getty Images

Which foods are you encouraged to eat more of, and why?

The strongest scientific evidence from many studies on positive biological effects that improve health and reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke, cancer and dementia come from extra virgin olive oil, nuts, whole fruit and vegetables and oily fish, so the plan is based around them.

The alpha linoleic acid, polyphenols and omega 3 fatty acids within these foods rapidly reduce inflammation, and provide great nutrition.

What part does activity play? Is it true we won't need to visit the gym?

Regular movement is crucial to good health. The average villager in Pioppi lives for almost 10 years longer than the average Tour De France cyclist, without doing any 'exercise'. Instead, they just walk everywhere.

In terms of longevity, a large study of ex-Olympians reveals that elite athletes don't live any longer than golfers or cricketers, meaning that a little activity goes a long way.

We advise you not sit for more than 45 minutes at a time, as even getting up for two minutes and having a stretch has significant health benefits.

The average villager lives for 10 years longer than Tour De France cyclists, without doing 'exercise'

Why is fasting included in the plan?

It's a very powerful intervention to reduce insulin resistance. We advise fasting for one 24-hour period each week, without ever going to bed hungry, meaning you fast from dinner to dinner the next day.

Through this, you extend the natural overnight fast by not eating breakfast or lunch, but consume fluids, including tea, coffee and water during that time.

You advocate sleeping for 7 hours – why is this such a crucial part of the plan?

Studies have shown that getting an average of less than seven hours' sleep a night is associated with type 2 diabetes, heart disease, obesity and depression. It's also closely tied into stress.

You recommend spending more time socialising – why is this?

Social isolation is a big risk factor for depression and premature death, especially in the elderly. Positive social interactions and good relationships help mitigate the impact of external stress, which is also linked to inflammation.

mammuthGetty Images

Why did you choose to incorporate breathing exercises in the plan?

It all comes back to being mindful. With our fast-paced lives, we often forget to take deep breathes and properly relax. Only when you do this properly and regularly will you start to notice the difference.

What are the main health benefits of the plan? And how much weight can we expect to lose?

The weight loss will vary from person to person. But, to be honest, that's the wrong question. This plan is designed to make every size and shape healthier with weight loss as a side effect.

What's different about this plan is that it concentrates first and foremost on good health. If you follow it and are overweight or have weight in the wrong place, such as the around your belly then you'll lose it.

Meanwhile, if you have a normal body mass index (BMI), it will also put you in better short-term and-long term health.

It's important to note that up to 40% of individuals with a normal BMI will suffer many of the same lifestyle-related diseases as those with obesity, and up to a third of people with type 2 diabetes are normal weight. There is therefore no such thing as a 'healthy' weight, only a healthy person.

Finally, can the plan really reduce our risk of disease, and ultimately help us live longer?

We've brought together all of the up-to-date, commercial-interest-free science to produce a plan that will most definitely have a significant impact to reduce the risk of disease and help us age well.

If the whole of the UK adult population followed this plan, we'd quite easily start to see a reversal in the twin epidemics of type 2 and obesity within a year.

BUY NOW The Pioppi Diet by Dr Aseem Malhotra and Donal O'Neill (Michael Joseph) – £6.47, Amazon

© Michael John

Source: https://www.prima.co.uk/diet-and-health/healthy-living/a39499/the-pioppi-diet/

Pioppi Diet Health Claims

What Is The Pioppi Diet?

The Mediterranean diet is the gold standard of healthy eating. Research continues to support the many health claims of the diet: reduced risk of death from a heart attack or stroke, lower “bad” cholesterol levels, and lower risk of type 2 diabetes.

From moderate servings of fish and wine to cutting back on red meat, its guiding principles remain relatively easy to stick to in a confusing — and often extreme — nutrition landscape.

Now, a new diet seeks to upend the good name of the Mediterranean diet while simultaneously claiming it’s some of the same principles.

The Pioppi diet, which was created by cardiologist Dr. Aseem Malhotra and Donal O’Neill, director of such anti-carbohydrate films “Run on Fat” and “Cereal Killers,” shifts the plant-forward emphasis of the Mediterranean diet to one with a focus on eliminating carbs and eating more fat and protein.

For this book, the two authors visited the small, rural fishing village of Pioppi, Italy. They came back with a new “lifestyle plan” their observations of the roughly 200 people living there.

The pair didn’t perform actual studies or research in Pioppi. Instead, they relied on their observations of the healthy villagers that are purported to live a long life, to craft their new healthy-living formula.

For critics, the plan is short on science and heavy on hyperbole.

What is the Pioppi diet?

The Pioppi diet is the latest in a series of diets that encourage low-carb, high-fat (LCHF) eating as a way to transform your health.

Despite the name, this diet doesn’t encourage calorie counting or excessive exercise, but it does ask you to embrace very specific eating guidelines.

“Simply put, [the Pioppi diet] is basically a take on the popular Mediterranean diet, and follows a lot of those same rules and guidelines, in addition to adding a few of its own,” said Vanessa Rissetto, a registered dietitian and nutritional expert.

The Pioppi diet principles include:

  • Starches are out. Eliminate all added sugar and refined carbohydrates, rice, bread, pasta, and potatoes. You can’t cheat with a natural sweetener honey either. It’s banned.
  • Fruits and vegetables are in. Each day, you should aim to get five to seven servings of fruit and vegetables, with at least five of those coming from low-sugar fruit.
  • Aim for weekly fish and egg quotas, too. Oily fish salmon and sardines should be on your plate at least three times each week, and find a way to eat at least 10 eggs weekly, too.
  • Olive oil remains. Olive oil is a key cornerstone of the Pioppi diet. You should aim for two to four tablespoons of the pressed oil each day. Un the Mediterranean diet, the Pioppi diet encourages you to eat coconut oil, something the Pioppi people don’t do.
  • Treat yourself. You can also indulge a bit with a glass of wine each day, and you can have up to 30 grams of dark chocolate, too.

“There are health benefits to things nuts, olive oil, fish, etc., but it’s as much what the diet doesn’t include that helps improve health,” noted Jamie Logie, a nutritionist, personal trainer, and wellness coach.

“There isn’t any refined sugars or carbohydrates, no trans fats, artificial sweeteners, or flavors, or things high-fructose corn syrup. The focus is on real whole food,” she told Healthline.

The food guidelines are just the start of the Pioppi diet. This diet also encourages substantial life changes.

This is how, the authors claim, this philosophy becomes a whole-life approach to health and nutrition, not just an eating guideline or short-term diet.

These lifestyle changes include:

  • Fasting weekly. Once a week, fast for 24 hours. The authors recommend starting after dinner, then skipping breakfast and lunch while only drinking fluids the next day.
  • Get moving. They encourage physical fitness, though the recommendations are based more on personal preference than specific guidelines. Malhotra suggests brisk walking every day for 30 minutes, plus getting up from your desk every 45 minutes. O’Neill is an advocate of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) workouts.
  • Sleeping plenty. The Pioppi diet writers encourage at least seven hours of sleep each night, the same amount the National Sleep Foundation recommends.
  • Relaxing more. You should also adopt breathing or meditation exercises each day, and spend more time with your friends and family.

Is the Pioppi diet bad science?

Ancel Keys, a famous American researcher, retired in Pioppi. Keys was one of the first nutrition scientists to discover the health benefits of the foods people living in the Mediterranean coastal communities primarily ate. Indeed, he was one of the first researchers to link saturated fat with heart disease.

“By claiming that their advice is the people of Pioppi, Italy, they are obviously trying to insult Ancel Keys, who told people to avoid eating animal fats,” explained Laurie Thomas, a medical and academic editor and writer, and author of several books, including “Thin Diabetes, Fat Diabetes: Prevent Type 2, Cure Type 2.”

“Not only is the Pioppi Diet far different from what Keys recommended, it does not really represent what the people from Pioppi actually eat. Nor is it a health promoting diet for human beings,” she pointed out.

Keys died in Pioppi in 2004 at age 100. This new diet is seen by some, Thomas said, as a final dig at a man who advocated against LCHF diets for much of his professional career.

“The Pioppi diet is just another attempt to make people think that a fatty, low-carb, Atkins-style diet is healthy,” Thomas said. “By calling it a Mediterranean diet and associating it with Pioppi, they are trying to confuse people.”

There’s another critical wrinkle that opponents of the Pioppi diet point to: the lifestyle factors of the Pioppian people that aren’t considered in the Pioppi diet’s guidelines.

People who live in the village often don’t have the financial resources to eat red meat, and sometimes, they don’t have the resources to eat much of anything.

This is reflected in the new diet by suggesting people eat red meat sparingly and fast weekly.

Again, Thomas pointed out, these diet cornerstones are the authors’ observations and not research they conducted.

“The Mediterranean diet that Keys advocated was grain products — bread and pasta — vegetables and fruit, and legumes. It included olive oil, moderate amounts of fish and wine, and only small amounts of meat and dairy foods,” Thomas shared.

“In contrast, the Pioppi diet urges people to shun wheat and pasta and eat large amounts of fatty meat and dairy foods,” she explained. “The Pioppi diet also encourages people to eat a lot of coconut oil, which is not a normal part of the diet in any Mediterranean country.”

For Rissetto, the basic concept of the Pioppi diet seems okay, but, she added that it’s nothing unique or special in the diet realm.

“Nothing about this diet is revolutionary. The basic concept of eating more fruits and vegetables and less red meat is worth following, but it’s also not totally unique,” Rissetto said.

“Eating whole, unprocessed foods [is] what we as dietitians preach,” Rissetto pointed out.

“Unfortunately, people often times need that packaged up in some sexed up way in order to believe it might work,” she explained.

Source: https://www.healthline.com/health-news/pioppi-diet-claims-secret-to-long-healthy-life

The Pioppi Diet weekly meal plan

What Is The Pioppi Diet?

Want to know what to eat on the Pioppi diet? The man behind the Plan, Donal O'Neill, shares a week of healthy Mediterranean-inspired eating

It’s the diet at the heart of one of the longest-lived communities in the world. In the tiny Italian village of Pioppi, villagers live on average ten years longer than anywhere else. Back in the summer, we reviewed the diet book written by cardiologist Dr Aseem Malhotra and former athlete Donal O’Neill, and asked 'Is this the only diet book you'll ever need?'.

It may all be very well eating fresh fish, oodles of seasonal veg and tablespoons of olive oil, when you live in the home of the Mediterranean Diet (as Pioppi has been designated by UNESCO). But how does eating the Pioppi way translate into modern urban life?

Donal has adapted the plan to his life as a film-maker and fitness coach in urban Cape Town. He desk-based in the mornings and works out with sprinting or HIIT sessions in the afternoon.

He starts every day with a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar ‘because the blood glucose control benefits are well documented,’ followed by a strong coffee with coconut cream – and he’ll have had three of these by lunchtime.

Breakfast, or brunch, is mostly egg-based, with a choice between avocados, anchovies, bacon, tomato but always with extra virgin olive oil.

The Plan advocates two to four tablespoons a day (for the top ten Pioppi Diet foods, click here) for its heart health and anti-inflammatory benefits and its ability to buffer post-meal blood sugar spikes.

Earl Grey tea and 95 per cent cacao dark chocolate also feature as do Greek yoghurt and lots of oily fish such as mackerel.

He is a fan of Intermittent Fasting for its health benefits and typically eats all his meals within an eight or nine-hour window during the week, which means that brunch is generally his first meal of the day.

Dinner is normally a huge salad with high-quality protein and a few sett potato chips – in olive oil of course. Red wine is on the menu, so long as it’s good quality.

Here he takes us through his week on a plate.

Monday

No breakfast: only coffee with coconut cream

Brunch: 2- or 3-egg mushroom omelette. Coffee with coconut cream

Afternoon snack: Tinned oysters; full-fat Greek yoghurt with berries, a handful of nuts and cinnamon

Dinner: Picanha steak 
(a superb Brazilian cut) served with creamed spinach and avocado side salad; 2 squares of dark chocolate (95 per cent cocoa solids), a cup of Earl Grey tea

Tuesday

No breakfast: only coffee with coconut cream

Brunch: Halloumi and fried tomato; vegetable soup made using chicken bone broth; a small portion of oily fish (anchovies, sardines, pilchards); coffee with coconut cream

Dinner: Grilled salmon fillet with vegetables and sauerkraut; 2 squares of dark chocolate (95 per cent cocoa solids), a cup of Earl Grey tea

Wednesday

No breakfast: only coffee with coconut cream

Brunch: Full-fat Greek yoghurt mixed with coconut cream and berries with a handful of nuts, a sprinkle of cinnamon and a pinch of turmeric; coffee with coconut cream

Afternoon snack: Bacon nut-butter sliders – crispy, grilled bacon strips, topped generously with almond butter and a sprinkle of raw cacao

Dinner: Grilled lamb chops with lots of mixed vegetables and side salad; 2 squares of dark chocolate (95 per cent cocoa solids), a cup of Earl Grey tea

Thursday

Breakfast: 2 or 3 eggs any style, with smoked salmon and avocado; coffee with coconut cream

Brunch: Smoothie with kefir and/or coconut milk, berries, a handful of nuts, some avocado with a tablespoon of coconut oil, a sprinkle of ground cinnamon, turmeric and fresh mint

Dinner: Chicken bone broth to start, with 1 tablespoon of extra virgin olive oil and salt to taste, followed by fresh pan-fried hake and vegetables; cacaonut bombs (raw cacao, cinnamon, coconut oil, cream and nuts heated and then blended and frozen into bite-size pieces) a cup of Earl Grey tea

Friday

Breakfast: Bacon and 2 or 3 eggs, any style, with avocado (optional); coffee with coconut cream

Brunch: Fish soup (made using chicken broth)

Dinner: Low-carb pizza, cacaonut bombs, a cup of Earl Grey tea

Saturday

Breakfast: Nut butter omelette; berries and full-fat Greek yoghurt; coffee with coconut cream

Brunch: Greek-style salad

Dinner: Roast chicken with sweet potato and mixed vegetables; cacaonut bombs, a cup of Earl Grey tea

Sunday

Breakfast: Smoked salmon with 3 scrambled eggs on very high-quality sourdough (the only bread I eat, thanks to the fermentation process and the taste), avocado and crème fraiche; coffee with coconut cream

Brunch: Smoothie, as before

Dinner: Baked trout with mixed vegetables; berries, nuts and cream

The Pioppi Diet by Dr Aseem Malhotra and Donal O’Neill is published by Michael Joseph, £8.99. Click here to buy.

Source: https://www.getthegloss.com/article/the-pioppi-diet-weekly-meal-plan

A Review of “The Pioppi Diet: A 21-Day Lifestyle Plan”

What Is The Pioppi Diet?
Feb 28, 2019 · 6 min read

It is refreshing to read the advice of an internationally known health expert who performs original research and calls for an increase in the consumption of fruits and vegetables, avoidance of salt and refined sugars, abstinence from smoking, regular exercise, outdoor recreation, and the management of stress.

That advice is found in the book Eat Well and Stay Well, authored by Ancel and Margaret Keys in 1959.

It is therefore quite ironic that Dr. Aseem Malhotra, a cardiologist from the UK frequently quoted in the press and co-author in 2017 of The Pioppi Diet: 21-Day Lifestyle Plan,advocates for these same lifestyle habits. What is the irony? Malhotra has been one of the most outspoken critics of Dr. Keys, accusing him of “demonizing “ fats in the diet.

Dr. Keys was a scientist and physiologist who during his 100-year lifespan was awarded 2 Ph.D.

’s, did ground breaking research at the University of Minnesota on the physiology of high altitude and starvation, developed the K ration food pack for soldiers in WWII, and led an international research team that published the Seven Countries Study (SCS) to assess the accuracy of the Diet-Heart Hypothesis.

More can be learned about Ancel Keys and his academic contributions in an exhaustive White Paper. Malhotra blames Keys for single-handedly influencing food policies starting in the early 1960’s towards a low-fat extremism that they contend has led to the current worldwide explosion of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and chronic diseases.

Why write a review of the The Pioppi Diet more than a year after its publication? Some books gain a following that grows with time and The Pioppi Diet is mentioned in the media, both pro and con, with increasing frequency. My patients bring it up on a regular basis asking if they should adopt it. In The Pioppi Diet, Dr.

Malhotra and his co-author Donal O’Neill, visit the fishing village of Pioppi on the Mediterranean coast south of Naples. Pioppi has a population of under 300 residents. They visit the town for one week and derive a life’s worth of lessons from their stay. By coincidence, I also visited Pioppi just weeks after Malohtra.

It is recommended stop for the views of the sea and the museum dedicated to the research of Dr. Keys on the Mediterranean Diet. The town however is a one street wonder. Pioppi has been has never been studied for any particular longevity or health traits, is not a Blue Zone, and was not part of the Seven Countries Study.

The ultimate irony, if not chutzpah, of calling the book The Pioppi Diet after visiting for just one week is the fact that Dr. and Mrs. Keys spent 40 winters in Pioppi and were celebrated guests year after year. From that residence, they led a team of international scholars that were part of the SCS. Malhotra’s efforts to taint the legacy and research of Dr.

Keys and his international research team, displayed in detail in the museum in Pioppi dedicated to the Mediterranean Diet, is rogue and biased to the extreme.

The first half of The Pioppi Diet containes the authors’ recommendations on nutrition and fitness. The second half of the book is recipes and an exercise routine. Much of the first half returns to Malhotra and O’Neill’s favorite sport, bashing the research of Ancel Keys and his co-workers, often with distorted statements.

The foreword sets the tone, indicating that “current scientific analysis demonstrating that much of Ancel’s work was flawed”. This statement has no references and is denied by a recent in-depth analysisconfirming the accuracy of Key’s research on the Diet-Heart Hypothesis.

On page 15 of The Pioppi Diet it is asserted that Key’s never accounted for periods of religious fasting days in his analyses for the SCS and that this omission introduced a fatal miscalculation of what the native populations ate. In fact, fasting was accounted for in the SCS, particularly in theanalysisof data in Crete.

On page 40, the authors of The Pioppi Diet question whether the sugar industry funded Keys’ research and influenced his decision to “ignore” sugar and health. In conversations with Sarah Tracy, Ph.D.

, the Edith Kinney Gaylord Presidential Professor in the Medical Humanities Program at the University of Oklahoma, Keys was funded in 1943 via a grant from the sugar industry on a study of vitamins and rehabilitation as it pertained to soldiers (personal communication).

The SCS began 15 years later, and during its 5 decades of acquiring field data and follow-up, the SCS investigators never had funding from the sugar industry. The study actually measured and analyzed sugar intake in the 16 populations studied and found it a factor in health, but not as big a factor as foods high in saturated fats butter and meats.

Can The Pioppi Diet “drastically reduce your risk of type-2 diabetes and heart disease” as is stated on the book cover? The top-ten foods recommended by the authors begins with 7 items that would make Dr. and Mrs. Keys smile years after publishing Eat Well and Stay Well.

These include extra virgin olive oil, nuts, fibrous vegetables broccoli, fruits, herbs and spices, fatty fish, and dark chocolate. The next 3 “top 10 foods” recommended by Malhotra and O’Neill represent the “great divide” of fact vs. fantasy.

The authors recommend coconut oil (including a daily ritual of adding it in morning coffee), eating a minimum of 10 eggs a week, and adding full fat dairy such as butter.

Does anyone actually follow this diet in Pioppi? The coconut (cocos nucifera) is not native to Italy or the Mediterranean. You will not see coconut palms growing in the gardens of Pioppi nor will you see them eaten by the native population.

In a movieproduced by the authors of The Pioppi Diet, Dr. Malhotra is seen touring the Museum of the Mediterranean in Pioppi.

Malhotra points near the base of the Mediterranean food pyramid in the museum and indicates that the row with whole grains is to be replaced with coconut oil and other foods high in saturated fats. Has Dr.

Malhotra done any research on the impact to cardiac health by replacing whole grains with coconut oil and full fat dairy? He has not but he does not hesitate to recommend for all, including heart patients with advanced atherosclerosis.

The book includes a section on the diet that Dr. Malhotra follows and recommends. He starts each day with coffee to which he adds a tablespoon of coconut oil. This dietary habit is promoted by Dr.

Malhotra, an interventional cardiologist, fully aware of the consequences of atherosclerosis as the leading cause of death in the Western world.

There is no evidence for health benefits of dietary coconut oil for cardiac patients and the recommendation contradicts the recent advice of a panel of academic nutrition experts who advised avoiding coconut oil.

An even more recent consensus published in the British Medical Journal also advised caution with coconut oil until more research is available. The recipe section of The Pioppi Diet is notable for the absence of desserts. Human nature suggests that banning desserts is unly to succeed and even Dr. and Mrs. Keys included some desserts in their 1959 book, such as fruit compote without added sugar.

Overall, The Pioppi Diet is a disappointment and it lacks foundation in clinical research done by Malhotra or O’Neill.

While it might be superior to a typical hyper-processed Western diet rich in low quality oils, butter, meats and cheeses, the assertion that the plan can reduce type-2 diabetes and heart disease is untested by the authors in even a small pilot group.

Malhotra has taken important stands against bad examples of hospital meals and conflicts in the funding of research and public foundations promoting health agendas. His diet is not in alignment with these efforts to promote public health.

The Pioppi Diet stands in contrast to dietary recommendations by leaders in nutrition who analyzed dozens of original research studies. The relentless attacks on Dr. Ancel Keys and his SCS co-authors grow tiresome and have been proven to be wrong.

The Pioppi Diet neither reflects the diet of Pioppi, where coconut oil is not added to morning espresso, nor does it provide any proven path to health.

One would be better off reading the books written by Ancel and Margaret Keys almost 60 years ago where the real Pioppi Diet is described.

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Source: https://medium.com/@Kahn642/a-review-of-the-pioppi-diet-a-21-day-lifestyle-plan-3840ccac52e8